Deepfake or not? Snopes debunked these videos in 2021


Over time, the technology used to digitally edit videos becomes more and more sophisticated and accessible.

Anyone with a smartphone or computer and a rudimentary understanding of media editing can turn a footage from a single source into something completely different, whether that’s swapping people’s faces, changing colors in the video. or by adding audio samples.

And, often, these manipulated clips go viral with no context to explain that they are not true representations of reality. Snopes readers regularly send us videos to analyze any indication of digital editing, or our fact-checkers themselves stumble upon fake videos fooling a mass audience.

[See also: Fake or Real? Snopes Fact-Checked These Images in 2021]

Below is a compilation of those clips, all of which have been selected by Snopes staff as flagships from 2021.

Note: This page is part of our annual Snopes content review, and you can read all of our “Staff Picks and Stars” for a variety of content categories here.


In November 2021, TikTok user @andrejhepburn posted a video that appeared to show US Rep. Marjorie Taylor Greene, R-Ga., In the crowd during a recording of “The Oprah Winfrey Show” over two decades plus early.

Image via Oprah Winfrey / YouTube Network

False. One video would show a squirrel defecating on an air conditioner, only for the feces to fly through the air and land on another squirrel nearby.

Image via YouTube

The good news is the dog is fine. The best news is that neither the man nor the dog were ever in danger because the video was rigged. It all involved some pretty nifty digital editing.

Image via TikTok

A TikTok channel posted a video of three alleged “matrix issues.” The first clip reportedly showed a politician walking with a red briefcase that “inexplicably” turned green after passing a parked car.

Image via Sky News

One video showed the Pope going poof. Here is what happened.

Image via Vatican News / YouTube

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John C. Dent